VOL. III - APPENDIX I
My great great grandmother was Orpah Crowhurst who married James Barton on 4 September 1847 at All Saints Church, Herstmonceux (Chapter 3).
Orpah Crowhurst was born around 1826 in Herstmonceux, the daughter of Charles Crowhurst and Martha Burgess.
What follows is what is known about her ancestry. I can take no credit for tracing her ancestry back so far. All this has been gleaned from Ancestry.co.uk and is the results of others' endeavours. I have been able to check some of the facts, particularly with baptism records held on findmypast.co.uk
John Crowherst & Margaret
Born - 1480 in Sussex
Married - Margaret about 1499 in Shernfold Park, Frant. Margaret has been described as "of Shernfold"
Children - Richard Crowherst. Born 1501 (see below).
- See extracts from "Frant, a Parish History" by Henry Elles, published 1947. Chapter 15. Pages 191 to 193.
- In 1524 the Crowherst family had possession of Shernfold Place (also see Shernfold Park | Parks and Gardens).
- John Crowherst was fined 6d for being absent from court.
- When he died he held lands at Shernfold and Oldfields.
My thanks to Judith Goddard who provided me with the link to "Frant - a Parish History", which has helped to confirm the earlier generations of the Crowherst family.
Died - 1540 in Shernfold, Margaret died in 1548.
Richard Crowherst and Anne
Born - 1501, in Shernfold, son of John Crowherst and Margaret
Married - Anne
- Richard Crowherst
- Henry Crowherst. Born 1523. Henry Crewhurst married Ann Hardman on 7 July 1544 at Frant. Henry died in 1580 at Frant.
- Clement Crowherst. Clement married Christian Luke on 21 November 1546 in Frant.
- John Crowherst. Born 1536 (see below)
- See extracts from "Frant, a Parish History" by Henry Elles, published 1947.
- Richard had added another property Smythcote to his holding
- His son and heir is John.
Buried - Two dates are shown on Findmypast.co.uk - 29 April 1562 & 29 August 1562!!. Anne Crowherst, widow was buried on 3 June 1574 at Frant.
John Crowherst and Annys Carpenter
Born - 1536 in Frant (in the reign of Henry VIII)
Married - Annys Carpenter on 7 November 1563 at Frant.
Some researchers suggest Annys Carpenter had been born in 1536. There is a baptism of an Annys Carpenter on 21 February 1551 in Rotherfield which is too late to be the Annys who married in 1563.
See below re children of John Crowherst (and Annys?) - seven boys and seven girls, all baptised at St Albans, Frant!!, as follows:
- Mary Crowherst. Baptised 24 September 1564
- John Crowherst. Baptised 24 March 1565.
- Robert Crowherst. Baptised 18 March 1567.
- Martha Crowherst. Baptised 9 May 1569.
- Susan Crowherst. Born 2 September 1571
- Stephen Crowherst. Born 26 December 1574.
- Richard Crowherst. Baptised 24 May 1577
- Agnes Crowherst. Baptised 26 October 1578
- Robert Crowherst. Baptised 2 June 1580.
- Christian Crowherst. Baptised 25 December 1581
- Mildred Crowherst. Baptised 26 January 1583
- Alice Crowherst. Baptised 14 February 1585
- Edward Crowherst. Baptised 2 July 1587
- William Crowherst. Baptised 30 November 1589
- See extracts from "Frant, a Parish History" by Henry Elles, published 1947.
- In 1574/75 John held land at Shernfold, Oldfield and Smythcote.
- A few years later he purchased Freshfields.
- After his death he left Shernfold to his son Edward, Smithcatts, Bristfield and Frenchfield to his son William and he had already provided for his son Richard.
- Eeles concludes that because the parish records show John Crowherst had two sons called Robert baptised and there was no burial between the births, there must have been two John's fathering children in Frant at the same time, but my research elsewhere suggests this is not necessarily the case. It was not unheard of for parents to have two living children with the same name.
- A bigger problem appears to be that Annys had died before the youngest three children was born. If this is correct, who was their mother?
Buried - 23 December 1620 in Frant. His will was proved at Canterbury. This is incredibly difficult to read, but seems to make reference to sons John, Edward & William and daughter Mildred.
Annys had died and was buried in Frant on 24 August 1583. She is described as a widow and a pauper!
Clearly something is amiss here!!
Robert Crowherst and Margaret Morison nee Widowes
Born - See above, baptised 1567 or 1580 in Frant?
Married - Margaret Morison on 24 September 1604 in Staplehurst, Kent. Margaret had been baptised on 25 April 1580 at Leighton Buzzard, the daughter of Robert Widowes and Alice Tomes. She had been married previously and was a widow
Children - John Crowhurst. Born 1612 (see below).
Died - 2 March 1616 at Hellingley. Probate of his will was granted on 22 April 1617 at Lewes.
John Crowhurst and Mary
Born - 1612 in Hellingley
Married - Mary (possibly Neal in Boxley, Kent?)
Children - Thomas Crowhurst. Born 1644 (see below).
Died - 1649. Buried - 1 February 1650! Mary died in 1651.
Thomas Crowhurst and Sarah Balcombe
Baptised - 9 September 1644 in Hellingley (during the English Civil War).
Married - Sarah Balcombe on 11 March 1671.
- George Crowhurst. Born 1673. George (Crowest) may have married Frances Harrison on 15 May 1698 in Framfield. They had two sons. Frances died in 1730. George died in 1743 in Glynde, Sussex.
- James Crowhurst. Born 1678 (see below).
- Thomas Crowhurst. Born 1680. Died 24 September 1683.
- Mary Crowhurst, Born 1689
Died - 26 March 1729 at Hailsham. Sarah had died in 1705.
James Crowhurst and Mary Grere
Baptised: 5 November 1678 at Wartling
Married: Mary Grere on 29 August 1700
- Sarah Crowhurst. Born 6 March 1701. Died 1780 in Rye
- Thomas Crowhurst. Born 7 May 1703. Baptised 12 May 1705 at Hooe. Thomas married Deborah Hill on 25 February 1726. They had three children. Deborah died in 1731 and was buried on 10 November 1731.
- Ellen Crowhurst. Born 14 October 1706
- William Crowhurst. Born 3 June 1708 in Ashburnham (see below).
- Elizabeth Crowhurst. Born 1710. Buried 2 July 1781 in Rye.
- Edward Crowhurst. Born 1716 in Hooe. Married Anne Wimble on 1 June 1752 in Hooe. They had eleven children. Anne died in 1752. Edward died on 4 April 1772.
- Mary Crowhurst. Baptised 19 October 1718 in Hooe.
Died - unknown
William Crowhurst and Silvester Taylor
Baptised - 3 June 1708 in Ashburnham
Married - Silvester Taylor on 12 June 1746 in Ninfield. Silvester had been baptised on 14 June 1706 in Wartling, the daughter of Thomas Taylor and Mary Reeve who married on 13 October 1696 in Wartling.
- John Crowhurst. Born 1747 in Ashburnham
- Sarah Crowhurst, Born 17 July 1749. Sarah married Thomas Duly on 9 October 1764 at Catsfield. They had five children.
- William Crowhurst. Born 3 March 1751 (see below)
Died - 4 April 1772 in Ninfield. Silvester died and was buried on 11 March 1780 in Ninfield.
William Crowhurst and Sarah Roberts
Born - 3 March 1751 in Ashburnham.
Married - Sarah Roberts on 4 January 1776 at Hailsham
- James Crowhurst. Born 28 April 1776 in Arlington. James married Rebecca Paris on 3 April 1796 at Arlington. They may have had fourteen children!! James died in 1851. Rebecca died on 21 February 1857 in Arlington.
- Harriett Crowhurst. Baptised 28 September 1778 in Hailsham.
- Charles Crowhurst. Born 9 February 1781 in Hailsham (see below)
- William Crowhurst. Born 3 March 1783 in Hailsham. William died in 1786.
- Lydia Crowhurst. Born 1 August 1785 in Hailsham. Lydia married Charles Verrall on 26 May 1803 at Hailsham. They had eight children. In 1851 they were living in Hailsham and Charles was an agricultural labourer. Lydia Verrall died on 21 June 1861. Charles Verrall died on 20 March 1867. Their daughter Caroline Verrall (born 5 August 1821) married James Crowhurst (born 10 August 1819) on 27 October 1843 in Hailsham James was the son of James Crowhurst, labourer (Reg Gen . Dec 1843 Hailsham 7 569). His ancestry and how he is related to "our Crowhurst's" remains unclear. James and Caroline emigrated to Australia sailing on 11 May, 1848, in the sailing ship "Constance", and arriving at Port Adelaide on 27 August 1848. James and Caroline had nine children and lived their lives in Gameracha, Australia. James Crowhurst and Caroline Crowhurst nee Verrall are pictured below. The photograph of James was posted on Ancestry.co.uk by Alfred Verrall. The photograph of Caroline was taken from "A History of Gumeracha and District South Australia 1859 - 1959" by J E Monfries. James Crowhurst died on 29 April 1883 in Gumeracha, Southern Australia. Caroline Crowhurst died on 18 August 1904 at Gumeracha.
- John Crowhurst. Born 29 November 1795 at Hailsham. John married Naomi Akehurst in 1816. They had eight children. Naomi died on 14 November 1843. In 1851 when he was living at Cacklebury, Hailsham with two of his children. John was an agricultural labourer. His son was a "twine spinner" and his daughter a housekeeper. John died on 9 April 1854
- Mary Crowhurst. Born 26 September 1801 at Hailsham. Mary may have married John Pelham They had eight children. In 1861 they were living at One Villa Building, Uckfield where John was a builder (in partnership with his sons). Mary died in 1875 in Uckfield. John also died in 1875.
William Crowhurst is believed to have died in 1811 in Hailsham.
Sarah Crowhurst died on 17 May 1814 at Hailsham.
Charles Crowhurst and Martha Burgess
Charles Crowhurst was born on 9 February 1781 in Hailsham, the son of William Crowhurst and Sarah Roberts.
Charles married Martha Burgess on 30 January 1806 at Herstmonceux.
Martha Burgess was baptised 10 September 1787 at Herstmonceux. She was the daughter of John Burgess and Mary Grant who married on 17 April 1787 in Herstmonceaux. John Burgess may have been born around 1762, the son of James Burgess and Sarah Taylor who married on 2 June 1762 at Chailey.
They had at least eleven children:
- Mary Crowhurst. Baptised 23 November 1806 at Herstmonceaux (see below).
- Jane Crowhurst. Born 7 December 1809 in Hailsham. Jane was buried on 5 September 1828. She would have been 19 years old.
- Sarah Crowhurst. Born 11 June 1811 at Heathfield. Baptised 4 August 1811 at Heathfield Independent Chapel (see below).
- Charles Crowhurst. Born 11 August 1812. Baptised 27 September 1812 at Heathfield Independent Chapel. Charles died in 1816 aged just 4 years old.
- Thomas Crowhurst. Born 1817 in Herstmonceux (see below).
- John Crowhurst. Born 12 January 1822. Baptised 17 March 1822 (see below)
- Jabez Crowhurst. Born 1825 in Herstmonceux (see below)
- Orpha Crowhurst. Born 1826 in Herstmonceux (see below)
- Miller Crowhurst. Born 1827 in Herstmonceux (see below)
- Jane Crowhurst. Born 1833. Jane died aged 12 and was buried on 7 June 1845 in Herstmonceux.
It is likely that a further daughter, Elinor was born between 1815 and 1820 and that she married John Barton (Appendix E).
In 1841 the family were living at Herstmonceux, 60 year old Charles, his sons John, Jabez and Milton were all agricultural labourers, the youngest being only 14 years old. Apart from these, only Jane, aged 8 remained at home.
In 1851 they were living at North Street, Hellingly. Charles, aged 70, is described as an agricultural labourer (pauper). Their granddaughter Orpha Crowhurst, aged 11, was living with them.
In 1861 they were living at Springham Cottage, Hellingley and 80 year old Charles is still described as an agricultural labourer.
Charles Crowhurst died in 1865.
In 1871 Martha Crowhurst was living with her daughter Orpha and son-in-law James Barton at Bodle Street Green.
Martha Crowhurst died on 28 December 1871 in Sussex Asylum having been admitted on 22 November 1871.
The following is known about Charles and Martha's children.
- Mary Barnes nee Crowhurst
Mary Crowhurst was baptised on 23 November 1806 at Herstmonceux parish church, the daughter of Charles and Martha Crowhurst.
Mary married William Barnes on 28 April 1838 at St Mary's, Hailsham. They were both of full age. William was a labourer, son of Samuel Barnes, labourer. Mary was a servant.
In 1841 they were living in Hailsham and William was an agricultural labourer. In 1851 they were living at Harebeating Lane, Hailsham. William, aged 39 was a brewers drayman. Mary, aged 44 was a laundress. They had a daughter Jane Barnes, who was born in 1839.
By 1861 they had moved to 34, High Street, Lewes and William was a brewers labourer. Daughter Jane is not listed, but 13 year old Mary Crowhurst (born Stanmer) is visiting. it's not clear how Mary fits in at present.
In 1871 they are still at High Street, Lewes. William, aged 60 is still described as a labourer. Their grandson Thomas Williams, aged 12 was living with them,
William Barnes died in 1878 in Steyning. Mary Barnes may have died in 1886.
Nothing more is known about their daughter Jane Barnes.
- Sarah Goldsmith nee Crowhurst
Sarah Crowhurst was baptised on 4 August 1811 at Heathfield Independent Chapel, the daughter of Charles and Martha Crowhurst.
On 14 February 1832 she married Gabriel Goldsmith at Herstmonceux Parish Church.
In 1841 they were living in Hellingly and Gabriel was an agricultural labourer. Still at Hellingly in 1851 and 44 year old Gabriel was still an agricultural labourer. They had seven children
- William Goldsmith. Born 1829 in Hellingly
- George Goldsmith. Born 9 December 1831 in Hellingly. Baptised 3 July 1842 at Hellingly, the son of Gabriel Goldsmith and Sarah. Both George and his older brother appear to have been born out of wedlock.
- Thomas Goldsmith. Born 19 March 1835 at Hellingly. Baptised 3 July 1842 at Hellingly.
- Robert Goldsmith. Born 1 April 1837 at Hellingly. Baptised 3 July 1842 at Hellingly.
- Esther Goldsmith. Born 29 January 1839 at Hellingly. Baptised 3 July 1842 at Hellingly.
- Caleb Goldsmith. Born 12 January 1841 at Hellingly. Baptised 3 July 1842 at Hellingly.
- Jabez Goldsmith. Born 10 August 1845 at Hellingly.
William was not listed in the 1851 census. As no relationships are given on the 1841 it is possible that 12 year old William was not Gabriel and Sarah's son. If he was then Sarah would have been 18 at the time he was born. Caleb Goldsmith is also not listed, he had died aged 4 years and 11 months old and had been buried on 25 December 1845 at Hellingly. Also at the address in 1851 was John Brook, aged 1, described as a "nurse child".
In 1861 the family are still at Hellingly. The only children listed are George, aged 28 described as "marine" and Esther, aged 22, "formerly servant".
Gabriel and Sarah's daughter Esther Goldsmith died aged 23 and was buried on 13 September 1862 at Hellingly.
In 1871 Gabriel Goldsmith was living alone at 2 Wisteria Terrace, Reigate, Surrey. Aged 63, he was an undergardener. the census confirms he was married. His wife was a nurse working and living at the Hospital, Stutley Lane, Reigate. The census shows she was 59 years old and married.
Sarah Goldsmith died in 1872 in Reigate, Surrey.
In 1881 Gabriel Goldsmith was boarding with Samuel Upfold, a 24 year old gardener and his wife Mary at Priory Road, Reigate Foriegn. Gabriel was a 73 year old widower, working as a garden labourer (domestic servant)
Gabriel Goldsmith died in 1892 in London.
Nothing more is known about Gabriel and Sarah's son William Goldsmith, if indeed he was their son.
In 1851 Gabriel and Sarah's son George Goldsmith may have been living with his cousin Stephen Goldsmith, a farmer of 40 acres employing 2 labourers in Hailsham. He married Elizabeth Baldwin on 3 April 1863 at Bath Street Chapel, Poplar, London. In 1871 they were living in Poplar and 38 year old George was a dock labourer. In 1881 George and his family were living at 11 Susannah Street, Poplar and 48 year old George was an insurance agent. They had five children:
- Esther Elizabeth Goldsmith. Born 5 July 1864. Esther married James Dermott on 7 July 1890 at Barton Regis, Bristol. They had four children. Esther died on 22 February 1929. James Dermott died on 13 May 1943 at Dagenham.
- Eliza Ann Goldsmith. Born 1869. Died 1874 in Poplar, Surrey.
- Arthur Robert Goldsmith. Born 12 May 1875. Arthur married Emma Rose Turner in 1902. They had three children. Emma died on 14 May 1936. Arthur Robert Goldsmith of 71 Salisbury Avenue, died at Oldchurch County Hospital on 22 October 1948. Probate was granted to Albert Goldsmith, salvation army officer and Edith Goldsmith, two of his children.
- Emily Jane Goldsmith. Born 5 May 1876. Emily married William Wellard in 1899 in Poplar. They had two children. William Wellard died in 1932. Emily Jane Wellard (otherwise Emily) of 43 Avenue Road, Westcliff on Sea, Essex died on 26 October 1936. Probate was granted to Arthur Goldsmith, officer of Salvation army and Benjamin Goldsmith, railway clerk.
- Melvina Goldsmith Born 1880. Died 1882 in Poplar.
- Benjamin Goldsmith. Born 2 February 1885. Benjamin married Clara Afflet Rebecca Hoare on 17 October 1908. They had two children. Benjamin died in 1971 in Romford, Essex. Clara Afflet Rebecca Goldsmith of 33 Ross Road, South Norwood died on 13 November 1973.
In 1891 George and Elizabeth and family were living at 24 Susannah Street and 58 year old George was an insurance agent. They were still living there in 1901. Elizabeth Goldsmith died in 1905. George Goldsmith of 41 Henley Road, Ilford, Essex died on 21 January 1908. Probate was granted to Arthur Robert Goldsmith, Salvation army officer and Benjamin Goldsmith, clerk.
Nothing more is known about Gabriel and Sarah's son Thomas Goldsmith.
Gabriel and Sarah's son Robert Goldsmith may have died in 1863. He would have been around 26 years old.
Gabriel and Sarah's Jabez Goldsmith married Amy Broom Atkins on 7 August 1876 at Reigate, Surrey. They had a son George Robert Goldsmith who was born on 20 February 1878. Amy Brooks Goldsmith died on 11 March 1878. In 1881 Jabez Goldsmith was lodging with Thomas Burrell, a 34 year old gardener and his family. Jabez was 35 years old and a grocers counterman. His son George Robert Goldsmith was living with his uncle George Bilcliffe, who was 50 years old and the manager of a coal business and his family at Somers Road, Reigate Foreign, Surrey. Jabez Goldsmith died on 21 September 1886 at Reigate, Surrey. In 1901 his son George was still living with his uncle George Bilcliffe. George Robert Goldsmith married Emily Mary Stout in 1902. In 1911 they were living at 29 Osborne Road, Redhill, Surrey. They had five children:
- Lillian Emily Goldsmith. Born 1 August 1903 in Reigate. Lillian, a 22 year old domestic servant, sailed for Australia on 25 February 1926. She married Clarence Edgar Qualmann in South Australia. They had one child. Lillian died on 21 February 1968 and was buried at Pasadena, Mitcham City, South Australia. Clarence Edgar Qualmann died on 4 March 1997.
- George Reginald Goldsmith. Born 16 August 1906 in Reigate. George Reginald Goldsmith emigrated to Australia on 14 December 1922. Died 30 March 1930 in Adelaide, Australia.
- James Edward Goldsmith. Born 26 December 1907 in Reigate. James enlisted in the 2nd Allied Forces and served between 1939 and 1948.
- Ruth Amy Goldsmith. Born 1908 in Reigate
- Rosina Mary Goldsmith. Born 3 September 1913 in Reigate. Rosina married Murray Reuben James on 30 October 1937 at Unley, South Australia. They had one son Graham Murray James who was born on 1 January 1940 and died on 25 January 1940 and was buried at West Terrace Cemetary in Adelaide. Murray Reuben James died on 28 February 1988 in Adelaide. Rosina Mary James died on 14 January 2002 and was buried on Centennial Park Cemetary.
On 23 December 1926 George Robert Goldsmith, a 48 year old compositor and his wife Emily Maria Goldsmith, aged 52 of South View, 39 Deerings Road, Reigate sailed for Australia on SS Balranald with their children James Edward, an 18 year old motor mechanic and their 13 year old daughter Rosina Mary Goldsmith. They were following their two eldest children who had emigrated to Australia earlier. George Robert Goldsmith died in 1949 in Australia. Emily Maria Goldsmith died on 13 December 1961 in South Australia.
- Tom Crowhurst and Louisa Wood/Mary Morris nee Sinden
Tom Crowhurst was born in 1817, according to later censuses in Herstmonceux, the son of Charles and Martha Crowhurst .
"Thomas" Crowhurst married Louisa Wood on 15 June 1839 at Herstmonceux. Thomas was a 22 year old husbandman, son of Charles Crowhurst, husbandman. Louisa says she is 23 years old, the daughter of Jesse Wood, husbandman. Both were only able to make their mark. Louisa appears to overstate her age and she was in fact a minor.
Louisa had been baptised on 3 January 1819 at Herstmonceux, the daughter of Jesse Wood and Jane Brook who had married on 26 January 1814 at Herstmonceux. Jesse Wood was the son of Thomas Wood and Ann Worger (see Appendix M)
Tom and Louisa had two children
- Orpah Jane Crowhurst. Born 2 December 1839 in Hellingly. Baptised 8 February 1852 at Hellingly.
- Thomas Crowhurst. Born 1841. Baptised 8 February 1852 at Hellingly.
Louisa Crowhurst of South Malling died aged 25 and was buried on 5 June 1845 in South Malling. Her two children were baptised after her death,
Tom Crowhurst remarried, his second wife was Mary Morris, on 1 December 1849 at Hellingley. Both were of full age. Tom was a widower, a labourer, son of Charles Crowhurst, labourer. Mary was a widow, daughter of James Sinden, labourer.
Mary Sinden had been baptised on 2 June 1816 at Herstmonceux. She had married James Morris on 1 April 1839 at Hellingly. In 1841 they were living at Church Yard, Hellingley and their eldest daughter had been born. They had three children together before James Morris died aged 30 years old. He was buried on 18 March 1845 at Hellingly.
In 1851 Tom and Mary were living at Hellingly where Tom, aged 34 he was an agricultural labourer. There were five children living with them. Thomas Crowhurst was Tom's son from his first marriage. It's not clear where Orpah Jane was at the time. Tom and Mary had a daughter of their own.
- Emily Morris. Baptised 29 March 1840 at Hellingly, daughter of James Morris and his wife Mary. She is described as Tom's "daughter in law".
- Edward Morris. Baptised 13 March 1842 in Hellingly, son of James Morris and wife Mary. He is described as Tom's "son-in-law".
- Charles "Chas" Morris. Baptised 21 April 1844 in Hellingly, son of James Morris and wife Mary and described as "son in law"
- Thomas Crowhurst, Born 1842 in Hellingly (see above).
- Mary Crowhurst. Baptised 3 February 1850 in Hellingly, daughter of Tom and Mary Crowhurst.
The baptism of another daughter Maria Crowhurst, daughter of Tom and Mary took place on 8 February 1852 at Hellingly. She had been born in 1852 (Reg Gen March 1852 Crowhurst 2b 66) so not to be confused with Mary!!i. Maria Crowhurst died aged 7 years old and was buried on 17 November 1859 at Hellingly.
In 1861 the family were living Hellingly and 44 year old Tom was an agricultural labourer. Their daughter Mary was an 11 year old scholar. They had four more children:
- William Henry Crowhurst. Born 1854 in Hellingly. Baptised 19 March 1854 in Hellingly.
- James Walter Crowhurst. Born 1856 in Hellingly. Baptised 7 September 1856 in Hellingly.
- Hepzibah Crowhurst. Born 6 October 1859 at Horsebridge, Hellingly.
- Aseneth Crowhurst. Born 1860 in Hellingly.
Tom Crowhurst died on 14 November 1869.
In 1871 Mary was living at Boship Pottery, Hellingly. She was a 54 year old widow. No occupation is given. Her sons Edward Morris, aged 29 and described as "an invalid" and William Crowhurst, aged 17, agricultural labourer and her daughters Hepzibah and Aseneth were living with her. Tom and Mary's son James Walter Crowhurst had died aged 9 years old and had been buried on 15 March 1866 in Hellingly.
In 1881 Mary Crowhurst may have been a servant, a nurse working for Frederick J Childs, farmer of 240 acres and his family at Downard Farm, Hailsham. Frederick had two children, aged 11 and 4 years old and his 80 year old father in law was living with them so it is not clear who Mary, now 63 herself, would have been nursing.
In 1891 Mary was living at the Old Post Office, Hellingly. She was a 74 year old widow. Her daughter Aseneth was living with her.
Mary Crowhurst died in 1895,
Tom and Louisa's daughter Orpah Jane Crowhurst married Edmund James Pearl on 16 April 1865 at St Mary Magdalene, Woolwich. Both were of full age. Edmund was a miller, son of Edmund Pearl, miller. Orpah, who gives an address in Woolwich Common was the daughter of Thomas Crowhurst, labourer.
In 1871 Edmund and Orpah were living at 4, Silverhall Place, Isleworth where Edmund was a miller. Their eldest three children had been born. In 1881 they were at 3, Percy Gardens, North Street, Isleworth and a further daughter had been born. They had four children:
- Pamela Sarah Pearl. Born 4 June 1866 in Isleworth. Living at home until at least 1901, in 1911 Pamela was living at Shaftsbury House, 15, Circus Street, Greenwich. She was assistant matron at a "rescue home". Aside from the matron, the other four occupants had all been in service and one had just given birth to an as yet unnamed baby girl. In 1930 she was living at 60, Lavender Hill, Balham. She is one of 5 people listed in the electoral register at that address, including the matron of the rescue home. Pamela S Pearl died on 3 February 1931 at 60, Lilies Hall Road, Clapham.
- Emma Jane Pearl. Born 7 October 1868 in Isleworth. Emma married George Herbert Hornby in 1901 in Brentford. In 1911 they were living at 20, Lacy Road, Putney. George was a grocers assistant and Emma was work at "drapery" on her own account. They had no children. In 1925 they were still living at 20, Lacy Road. In 1939 they were living at Cyprus, Herne Bay and George is a retired grocer. George Herbert Hornby of "Cyprus", Holmscroft Road, Beltinge, Herne Bay died on 18 March 1941. Probate was granted to Arthur Henry Hornby, chemist. Emma Jane Hornby died on 18 January 1957 in Herne Hospital.
- Edmund James Pearl. Born 1870 in Isleworth. Edward marred Hannah Olive Bryan on 12 September 1903 at Denbigh Road Chapel, Kennington, London. Edward was 33 years old, an auctioneers manager. Hannah was 24 years old, the daughter of George Richard Bryan, clerk (military). They had two daughters. In 1911 they were living at "Merton", Bulsibiode Avenue, Hounslow and Edward was an auctioneers manager. Hannah died on 9 March 1915 at Hornbury Road, Spring Grove, Isleworth. Edmund remarried on 22 October 1916 in Nottingham. His second wife was Annie Ellen Warren. Banns were called in St Mary's, Osterley, Hounslow and Nottingham. They had one son, born in Heston, Middx. In 1924 they were living in 86, Thornbury Road, Osterley Park, W2. Edmund James Pearl of 36, Thornbury Road, Isleworth died on 24 June 1925 at West London Hospital, Hammesmith. Annie Ellen Pearl returned to Nottingham and in 1939 was living at 23, Colville Terrace, Nottingham with her son, a summary clerk in a tobacco factory. Annie E Pearl of 23, Colville Terrace, Colville Road, Nottingham, widow, died on 23 February 1951 at The City Hospital, Nottingham. Probate was granted to her son Edmund James Pearl, fish and chip proprietor. Edmund is believed to have died in Canada in 2000.
- Annie Louisa Pearl. Born 29 February 1874 in Isleworth. Annie married Thomas Windsor on 17 February 1900 in Brentford. In 1901 they were living at 9, Battenburg Road, Richmond. Thomas, aged 28 was a timber merchants foreman. In 1911 they were living at 15, Shaftesbury Avenue, Richmond and Thomas was a timber merchants foreman. The first of their two children was 9 years old, their second child was born in 1914. In 1939 Thomas and Annie were living "Trehern", Osborne Gardens, Herne Bay and Thomas was timber merchants foreman retired. Thomas Windsor of Trehern died on 26 June 1951 in Kent and Canterbury Hospital. Probate was granted to Frederick Thomas Pearl Windsor, chief draughtsman. Annie Louise Windsor of Trehern, 6 Osborne Gardens, Beltinge, Herne Bay died on 21 July 1961 in Herne Bay Hospital. Probate was granted to Frederick Thomas Pearl Windsor, chief draughtsman.
In 1891 Edmund and Orpah were at 1 May Villas, Byfield Road, Isleworth and Edmund was a "night foreman miller". Daughter Pamela was "on home duties, Emma was "an assistant school mistress", Edmund was an "auctioneers clerk" and Annie , a "school mistress". In 1901 Edmund was at 2 Church Street, Isleworth. Pamela, Edmund and Emma remained at home. His wife Orpah was visiting their youngest daughter Annie and her husband at 9, Batternburg Road, Richmond. Edmund James Pearl died in 1905. So by 1911 Orpah had been widowed and was living with her son Edmund James Pearl, an auctioneers manager and his family at "Merton", Bulsibiode Avenue, Hounslow. Orpah J Pearl died in 1921 in Hounslow.
In 1861 Tom and Louisa's son Thomas Crowhurst was a 20 year old brickyard labourer. He is on a list of "persons not living houses" in Eastbourne. There are two people on the list, Thomas is shown as "Pevensey Road" and the other individual as "on the beach" What does this mean? Were they sleeping rough? Thomas Crowhurst married Elizabeth Hunt on 7 July 1866 in Portslade. Thomas was a 24 year old brickmaker. Elizabeth was 25 years old, the daughter of John Hunt, labourer.
In 1871 Thomas. aged 29, and Elizabeth were living at 5, North Street, Portslade, Sussex and Thomas was a "brickmaker". At the time only John and Louisa had been born, but the 1891 census suggests they had at least four children in all:
- John Thomas Crowhurst. Born 1868 in Portslade. Up to 1911 John may have been a Gunner in the Royal Artillery Garrison based in Birkenhead, when he was discharged. He possibly married in 1906 in Birkenhead. John Thomas Crowhurst of 18 Seaton Road, Tranmere died on 17 April 1934 at Rochdale.
- Louisa Ellen Crowhurst. Born 1870 in Eastbourne. In 1901 Louisa was a 31 year old servant living in Eastbourne. She married in 1902 in Eastbourne.
- Orpha Elizabeth Crowhurst. Born 1 May 1876 in Eastbourne. Baptised 6 May 1877 at Christ Church, Eastbourne. Orpha married William Charles Diplock in 1903 (although the WWI army pension records state 16 April 1913) at Christ Church, Eastbourne. They had two children. In 1939 they were living at 3 Beachy Head Road, Eastbourne and Charles was a farm labourer. Charles W Diplock died in 1940 in Eastbourne. Orpha E Diplock died in 1955 in Eastbourne.
- Reuben Charles Crowhurst. Born 1881. He was a private in the Duke of Cambridge's Own Regiment, Essex when he died on 26 August 1917, aged 37 years. Reuben Charles Crowhurst of "The Camp" was buried on 30 August 1917 at Tunbridge Wells.
I can find no Thomas and Elizabeth or the family in 1881. In 1891 the family was living at 529, Sea Side Road, Willingdon where 49 year old Thomas was a general labourer. Louisa, Orpha and Charles are shown on the census. Thomas Crowhurst of Willingdon (Morway) died aged 56 years and was buried on 15 July 1898 in Willingdon. So by 1901 Elizabeth had been widowed. She was living at 511 Seaside Road, Eastbourne along with her 24 year old daughter. The name is unclear, but she would have been born around 1877, so could be Orpha? In 1915 Elizabeth is living at 1 Bradford Street, Old Town, Eastbourne when her son Reuben enlisted. Elizabeth Crowhurst may have died in Eastbourne in 1923.
Tom and Mary's daughter Mary Crowhurst married George Killick in 1867 in Hailsham. In 1871 they were living at Hand Septier Stables, Speldhurst, Kent where 28 year old George was an Ostlier. In 1881 they were living at The Common (coachhouse with rooms over), Speldhurst. They had five children:
- Henry Killick. Baptised 19 April 1868 at Ashurst, Kent. Henry does not appear on later censuses and it appears that he died in 1871.
- George Walter Killick. Born 27 February 1869. Baptised 31 October 1869 at Tunbridge Wells, Kent. George is believed to have married Martha Annie Martin in 1889 in Tunbridge Wells. They had three children. In 1939 George and Martha were living at 32, Dudley Road, Tunbridge Wells where George was a gas appliance repairer. George Walter Killick of 32, Dudley Road, Tunbridge Wells died on 21 February 1941. Martha Annie Killick of 17, Stratford Street, Tunbridge Wells on 21 February 1949. Probate was granted to Arthur Newlum Killick, jeweller.
- Elizabeth Killick. Born 1872 in Tonbridge, Kent
- Jane Killick. Born 1875 in Tonbridge, Kent
- Arthur Killick. Born 1878 in Tonbridge, Kent.
In 1891 George and Mary were still living at Hand Septier Stables where 48 year old George was a groom (house servant). Mary's sister Hephzibah, a 30 year old general servant was living with them. In 1901 George and Mary were living at 3 Goodwin Villas, Tunbridge Wells, George, aged 57 is described as living on his own means, his wife Mary, aged 51 was a laundress. Of their children, only Jane, a 26 year old housemaid and Arthur, a 24 year old civil servant (postman) remained at home. Mary's sister Aseneth Crowhurst, aged 42, was living with them. George Killick died in 1907 in Tonbridge, Kent. In 1911 Mary Killick, a 61 year old widow was living at 75 Clifton Road, Tunbridge Wells. She was working as a laundress. Her sisters Hepzibah Crowhurst, aged 50 also a laundress and Aseneth Crowhurst aged 50 were living with her. Aseneth is described as a "cripple cannot work". Mary Killick died in 1929 in Tonridge, Kent.
Tom and Mary's son William Henry Crowhurst married Harriett Ellen West on 6 December 1875 at Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey. William was a private in the 19th Hussars. his father is shown as Thomas Crowhurst, labourer. Harriett was the daughter of Thomas West, labourer.
In 1881 William and Harriett where living in Chelsea where 27 year old William (born Hellingly) was a labourer. In 1891 they were lodging at Regents House, Park Road, Kingston where 37 year old William was a domestic gardener. In 1911 they were living in Browns Road, Surbiton Hill, Surrey. William Henry Crowhurst died on 21 June 1922 and was buried in Kingston Upon Thames. In 1939 Harriet was living at 34, Browns Road, Surbiton, Surrey. Harriett Crowhurst died in 1943 in Surrey.
In 1891 Tom and Mary's daughter Hepzibah Crowhurst was living with her sister Mary and her husband George Killick at Hand Septier Stables in Speldhurst. Hepzibah was 30 years old and a general servant. In 1911 she is living with sister Mary Killick, now a widow at 75 Clifton Road, Tunbridge Wells, Aged 50, she is a laundress. Hepzibah Crowhurst died in 1941.
Finally in 1881 Tom and Mary's daughter Aseneth Crowhurst was living with her step brother Edward Morris at Horsebridge, Hellingly. Edward, aged 39 was an alehouse master. Aseneth was 21 years old. In 1891 was living with her mother Mary at the Old Post Office, Hellingly and in 1901 she was with her sister Mary Killick and her husband George at at 3 Goodwin Villas, Tunbridge Wells. She was still living with George and Mary in 1911, now at 75 Clifton Road, Tunbridge Wells, aged 50 she is described as "crippled cannot work". Aseneth Crowhurst died in 1943 and was buried on 14 May 1943.
- John Crowhurst & Caroline Forster
John Crowhurst was born 12 June 1822, in Herstmonceux according to later census returns.
John Crowhurst married Caroline Forster on 4 September 1847 at Herstmonceux Parish Church. John, a 25 year old labourer was the son of Charles Crowhurst and Caroline, aged 22 was the daughter of Samuel Forster. Neither party signed the marriage register.
They had a daughter:
- Mercy Caroline Crowhurst. Baptised 27 August 1848 at Hellingly. Father John was a labourer from Hellingly. A Mercy Catherine Crowhurst died at 12 weeks and was buried at Hellingly on 22 November 1848. Could this have been John and Caroline's daughter?
Oddly there is then no further trace of John or Caroline in 1851, 1861 or 1871!
In 1881 John was lodging with Michael Streeter and his wife at Cottage, West Dean, John, a 59 year old widower was an agricultural labourer. The census confirms that he was born in Herstmonceux.
In 1891 John Crowhurst, a 69 year old widower was lodging with Thomas Sinden and his wife Eliza at Magnum Down. No connection to Mary Sinden who married John's brother Tom (see above) has been established. Again the census confirms that he was born in Herstmonceux.
John Crowhurst died on 31 May 1895 in East Grinstead Workhouse, Hartfield.
- Jabez Crowhurst and Sarah Moore
Jabez Crownhurst was born in 1825, later census returns suggest in Herstmonceux.
In 1851 Jabez was a 26 year old agricultural labourer lodging with John Barton, agricultural labourer and his wife Eleanor Crowhurst at Foulmile, Herstmonceux (Appendix E). John's brother James Barton was married to Jabez's sister Orpha Crowhurst (see below and Chapter 3).
Jabez married Sarah Moore on 5 January 1861 in Iden. Jabez was a 34 year old labourer. Sarah was 24 years old, the daughter of Samuel Moore, labourer.
In 1861 they were living in Burmarsh, Kent and 32 year old Jabez was an agricultural labourer. In 1871 they were living at Iden, and 45 year old Jabez was still an agricultural labourer. They had four children:
- Martha Ellen Crowhurst. Born 23 October 1861. Baptised 15 December 1861 in Burmarsh
- Mary Jane Crowhurst. Born 29 June 1865 in Burmarsh. Baptised 6 August 1865 at Burmarsh.
- Charles Edward Crowhurst. Born 23 August 1867. Baptised 20 October 1867 at Iden
- James Crowhurst. Baptised 13 August 1871 in Iden
Jabez Crowhurst of Iden died aged 43 and was buried in Iden on 11 June 1873.
In 1881 Sarah Crowhurst, aged 44, a charwoman was living near Oxenbridge, Iden with her sons Charles, aged 13 and James aged 9, both scholars. They were still there in 1891, but by now both her sons were agricultural labourers.
In 1891 Sarah is still living near Oxenbrisde and working as a charwoman. Son Charles, 23 and James, aged 19, both agricultural labourers are still living with her.
In 1911 she was living with her son Charles Edward Crowhurst and his family at Corkwood, Iden.
Sarah Crowhurst died aged 94 and was buried on 1 July 1931 in Iden.
In 1881 Jabez and Sarah's daughter Martha "Ellen" Crowhurst was 19 years old and a domestic servant living with and working for George Henbray, a 35 year old farmer and his family who were farming 225 acres employing ten men at Church Farm, East Guldeford, Rye. She married James Marshall later that year in Rye. In 1891 they were living at Oxenbridge, Iden next door to Martha Ellen's mother, Sarah Crowhurst. They had three children:
- Ellen Jane Marshall. Born 1884 in East Guldeford.
- James Marshall. Born 1886 in East Guldeford. James married Sarah Kate Jacobs in 1920 in Paddington, London. They had one son. James died in 1926.
- Rosa Marshall. Born 28 January 1892 in Stone-in Oxey, Kent. Rosa married Gilbert Reginald Robinson on 12 August 1921 at Merton St Mary. They had one son Eric Arthur Robinson born on 13 February 1923. In 1939 Rosa was living at Forge House, Tenterden with her son. Rosa's mother, Martha E Marshall is also listed. Gilbert Reginald Robinson died in 1981 in Ashford, Kent. Rosa Marshall died in 1982.
In 1901 James and Martha Ellen were living at Stockbridge House, Snave, Kent where 48 year old James was working as a shepherd. In 1911 they were still at Stockbridge House, 58 year old James was a "shepherd to Mr Crump". Their 25 year old son James remained at home and was a harness maker. In 1939 Martha had been widowed and was living with her daughter Rosa at Tenterden (see above). Martha E Marshall died in 1952 aged 90 years old.
Jabez and Sarah's daughter Mary Jane Crowhurst married Wilfred John Morfey in 1889 in Rye. In 1891 they were living in Nr Oxenbridge, Iden, where 26 year old Wilfred was an agricultural labourer. They had six children:
- John Morfey. Baptised 30 January 1890 at Iden. John Morley died shortly thereafter. his death was registered in the 1st quarter of 1890.
- Charles Albert Morfey. Born 15 March 1892 in Ebony. Baptised 12 June 1892 at Appledore. Charles enlisted in the army on 27 November 1914. He served as a private, being posted to France on 27 April 1915, until he was discharged on 10 February 1916 having been found physically unfit for further war services. In 1920 Charles was appointed as the postman for Cranbrook (E12380). He married Sarah Holdstock in 1922. In 1939 they were living at 4, Church Cottages, Tenterden and Charles was a postman (driver) GPO. Sarah Morfey of 4, Church Cottages died in 1973. Charles Albert Morfey of 4, Church Cottages, Cranbrook, Kent died on 27 November 1974.
- Edward Richard Morfey. Born 27 June 1893 in Ebony. Baptised 27 August 1893 at Appledore. In 1939 Edward was still living with his parents at 3, New Rents, Tenterdon. Edward never married. Edward Richard Morfey of 2, Prospect Place, Appledore died on 9 September 1978.
- James Alfred Morfey. Born 13 December 1895 in Ebony. Baptised 29 March 1896. In 1901, 1911 and 1939 he was living with his Uncle Charles (see below). Understandable when he was working on the farm, but why when he was 5 years old!!! James married Bertha Bryant in 1942 in Battle, Sussex. James Alfred Morfey of Corkwood House, Iden, Rye (his uncle's old address) died on 13 February 1981.
- William Arthur Morfey. Born 1897 in Ebony. Baptised 28 November 1897. William married Alice Louisa Harris in 1921 in Tenterden. William A Morfey died in 1934 aged just 36 years old. Alice Louisa Morfey appears not to have remarried. She died in 1985 in Maidstone, aged 86 years.
- Alice Sarah Morfey. Born 6 December 1899 in Tenterden. In 1939 Alice is listed with eight others at 6, Stour Street, Canterbury. Along with Kate Timpson (born 30 July 1889) she is described as a guest house proprietor. Alice Sarah Morfey of 2, Prospect Place, Appledore, spinster died on 28 July 1957. Probate was granted to Edward Richard Morfey, smallholder.
In 1901 Wilfred and Mary Jane were at Tassell House, Tenterden and Wilfred was a waggoner on a farm. In 1911, when they were living at Park Cottage, Leigh Road, Tenterden, the census confirms that they had six children, of which five were still living. In 1939 Wilfred and Mary Jane were living at 3, New Rents, Tenterden. Wilfred was a smallholder working on his own account. Son Edward remained at home and was a farm labourer. Mary Jane Morfey of 2, Prospect Place, Appledore, Kent died 6 November 1949, aged 84 years old. Probate was granted to Edward Richard Morfey, smallholder. Wilfred John Morfey of 2, Prospect Place died on 25 June 1955, aged 90 years old. Probate was granted to Edward Richard Morfey, smallholder.
In 1911 Jabez and Sarah's son Charles Edward Crowhurst was still single, he was farming at Corkwood, Iden. His widowed mother Sarah, aged 74 was living with him, as was his 39 year old brother James. The census indicates that James, a farmer was married. George Moore, aged 82, a retired farmer is described as Charles's uncle was also living with them, presumably Sarah's brother. Also at the address was James Alfred Morfey, described as Charles's nephew, a 15 year old farm labourer (see above). In 1939 Charles, was still single and still farming at Corkwood, Battle. James A Morfey, born 13 December 1895 was living and farming with him. Charles Edward Crowhurst of Corkwood, Iden died on 2 November 1954. He was buried on 8 November 1854 at Iden. Probate was granted to James A Morfey, farmer.
Finally, as above Jabez and Sarah's son James Crowhurst was living with his brother Charles in 1911, but is shown as married. James Crowhurst had married Caroline Fuller on 29 November 1898 at Iden. James was a 27 year old farmer, son of Jabez Crowhurst, labourer. Caroline was 25 years old, the daughter of Richard Fuller, carpenter.
In 1901 Caroline Crowhurst is listed with her parents, Richard and Hannah at Peasmarsh Lane, Rye Foriegn where Richard is the estate carpenter. Her eldest daughter had been born. James is not listed. In 1911 Caroline is stlll living with her now widowed father at Bowlers Town, Rye Foreign. Caroline was 38 years old, had been married 12 years and had two children:
- Caroline Susannah Crowhurst. Born 14 March 1899 in Iden. Caroline married Leslie Ellis Horsnell on 2 July 1926 in St John the Evangelist, Moulsham, Essex. In 1939 they were living at 85, Wood Street, Chelmsford. Leslie was an engineers marker officer. Leslie Ellis Horsnell of Flat 46, Archers Way, Watchouse Road Estate, Galleywood, Chelmsford died in 10 March 1971. Caroline Susannah Horsnell died in 2004 in Braintree, aged 105.
- Richard Crowhurst, Born 1905 in Bowlers Town, Rye. Richard emigrated to Canada, leaving England on the Antonia on 6 June 1924. He was a 20 year old farmer from 41, Stockdale Road, He arrived in Quebec on 15 June 1924 intending to settle. Richard Crowhurst married Dorothy Williams on 1 November 1927 in Trinity Church, Simcoe, Ontario. Dorothy had been born in England and arrived on 29 March 1925 travelling with her parents. She was a dressmaker. Her father a farmer. Richard was a 23 year old farmer., son of Richard Crowhurst and Caroline Fuller. Dorothy was 24 years old, the daughter of Thomas John Williams and Florence Maud Hare. They had three children. Dorothy died in 1976 and was buried at Bethel Methodist Cemetery, Windham Centre, Norfolk County, Ontario . Richard had predeceased her.
James Crowhurst of Corkwood, Iden nr Rye died on 14 October 1934. Probate was granted to Charles Edward Crowhurst and James Alfred Morfey, farmers. In 1939 Caroline Crowhurst, widow was living with Rebecca Perry, an old pensioner at 15, Upper Bridge Road, Chelmsford. She appears to have then followed her son to Canada. Caroline Crowhurst died aged 92, in Norview, Canada. Her obituary was in The Brantford Expositor, Brantford, Ontario on 13 February 1965.
- Orpha Barton nee Crowhurst
Orpha Crowhurst was around 1826, later censuses suggest in Herstmonceux.
On 4 September 1847 Orpah Crowhurst married James Barton at All Saints Church, Herstmonceux. James was a 25 year old bachelor, a labourer from Cowbeech, the son of John Barton, labourer. Orpah is described a 21 year old spinster , daughter of Charles Crowhurst. No occupation is given for Charles. Both James and Orpah were only able to make their mark, as were the witnesses James Christmas and Charlotte Martin. (Reg Gen Sept Qtr 1847 Hailsham 7 491).
James and Orpah had four children:
- Jane Barton. Baptised 2 January 1848 at Warbleton.
- Dorcas Barton. Born 1850 in Warbleton
- Rhoda Barton. Born 1860 in Warbleton
- John Henry Barton. Baptised 4 March 1864 in Warbleton
Our line continues through their son John Henry Barton whose life is dealt with in Chapter 4.
The lives of their remaining children are covered in Appendix J, K and L
- Miller Crowhurst
The only trace of Miller is in the 1841 census. This suggests he was born around 1827, and was, aged 14, an agricultural labourer.
Nothing more is known about him.
Click here to go to Appendix J - The children of John Reed and Jane Barton
Click here to go to Appendix K - The children of William Frederick Jarman and Dorcus Barton
Click here to go back to "Chapter 3 - James Barton and Orpah Crowhurst"
Click here to go to "Chapter 4 - John Henry Barton and Caroline Wood"