VOL. III - CHAPTER 3

James Barton and Orpah Crowhurst

James Barton who was born on 5 February 1825 the son of John Barton and Catherine Keeley (chapter 2). He was baptised on 13 March 1825 at Heathfield Independent Chapel.

It may have been James who witnessed his sister Jane's marriage in 1842.

On 4 September 1847 James married Orpah Crowhurst at All Saints Church, Herstmonceux. James was a 25 year old bachelor, a labourer from Cowbeech, the son of John Barton, labourer. Orpah is described a 21 year old spinster, daughter of Charles Crowhurst. No occupation is given for Charles. Both James and Orpah were only able to make their mark, as were the witnesses James Christmas and Charlotte Martin. (Reg Gen Sept Qtr 1847 Hailsham 7 491).

Orpah Crowhurst's ancestry is considered at Appendix I

All Saints Church is situated over a mile from the village centre closer to the castle on the edge of Pevensey Levels. The village may have been relocated after the Black Death in AD1348 as a number of villages in the area were. The church contains some of the best examples of early 13th century architecture in Sussex. The oldest part is the 12th century tower, the nave, chancel and aisles are from the 13th & 14th centuries, while the north (Dacre) chapel is 15th century. It is constructed of red Flemish bricks and was added by the builders of Herstmonceux castle.

The Church has a mounting block on the wall just outside which was used to help ladies get on their horses. The ladies with their long skirts would have had great difficulty mounting their horses, even side saddle, without the aid of these steps.

In 1841 Orpah Crowhurst had been living with James' brother John Barton, his wife Ellen and their children and was employed as a general servant (Appendix E).

James and Orpah had four children:

  • Jane Barton. Baptised 2 January 1848 at Warbleton.
  • Dorcas Barton. Born 1850 in Warbleton
  • Rhoda Barton. Born 1860 in Warbleton
  • John Henry Barton. Baptised 4 March 1864 in Warbleton

At the time of the 1851 census James and Orpah Barton were living at Bodle Street with their daughters Jane and Dorcus.

In 1861 they were still in Bodle Street, Warbleton. James, aged 36 was a labourer. Daughter Dorcas, aged 10, a scholar and Rhoda Barton, daughter, aged 11 months are listed. Daughter Jane, aged 13 was a house servant living with Stephen Neve, his wife Jane and their family at Rushlake Green.

'Kelly's Post Office Directory of Essex, Herts, Middlesex, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, 1867'

describes Warbleton as

"a parish, 7 miles north from Hailsham, 3 south from Heathfield, and 10 west from Battle railway station, in the Eastern division of the county, Hawkesborough hundred, Lewes county court district and archdeaconry, Hailsham union, Hastings rape, diocese of Chichester, and rural deanery of Dallington.

The Earls of Ashburnham and Chichester, and the trustees of Smith's charity, are lords of the manor. Here are charities of £45 annual value. Stone House, the seat of John Roberts Dunn, Esq., D.L., is a large mansion, partly in the Elizabethan style and partly modern, situated in well wooded and pleasant grounds: this mansion has been in the Roberts family for several centuries. Markly is the seat of George Darby, Esq., D.L.: the house, which is large and commodious, commands extensive views of the surrounding scenery.

About one mile east of Rushlake Green are the remains of an ancient priory (now forming part of the Priory farm house), built by John Pelham in the year 1413, for the monks of the Holy Trinity in Hastings. The parish contained in 1861 a population of 1,431 and the area is 5,763 acres"

James appears to have improved his circumstances. An insurance policy taken out on 24 June 1869 refers to

"Mr James Barton of Bodle Street Green in the parish of Warbleton in the county of Sussex, Pork Butcher and Huckster".

The insurance covered the period from

"24 June 1869 to 24 June 1870. Premium for one year 11s 3d" .

"on his dwelling house situate at Bodle Street Green, brick built, roof part tiled and other part thatched situate as above and in his own occupation £125. On his stable and east lodge near his house but not adjoining £25.00"


When the census was taken on 2 April 1871 the family were still living at Bodle Street Green. The entry reads:

  • James Barton, head, aged 46, carrier, born Warbleton
  • Orpah Barton , wife, aged 45, born Herstmonceux
  • Rhoda Barton, daughter, aged 10, scholar, born Warbleton
  • Henry Barton, son , aged 7, scholar, born Warbleton
  • Martha Crowhurst, mother in law, widow, aged 84, born Herstmonceux
  • Sarah Wood, general servant, aged 17, born Wartling.

Some seven months later Martha had been admitted to the Asylum where she died on 28 December 1871.

In 1881 James and Orpah were still living at Bodle Street Green, Warbleton. James, aged 55, is now described as a Pork Butcher. Also at the address, his 54 year old wife, Orpah, his 17 year old son, John H , a grocers assistant and their grandson, George Reed, aged 9, born Warbleton. George was the son of daughter Jane (see below)

By 1891 James and Orpah are living alone at Brick Cottage, Wartling. James, aged 65 is now described as an agricultural labourer. I wonder what had happened to the butchers? Orpha was aged 66.

James Barton died in 1897 aged 72 (Reg Gen March Qtr 1897 Hailsham 2b 59)

His will made on 16 March 1870 and written in what appears to be a diary seems to set up a trust. He leaves all his estate to his wife Orpah Barton 'for her life' and following her death to his son John Henry Barton. However he does not appear to appoint trustees or stipulate that Orpah is only entitled to the income from his estate, although this is perhaps implicit. After the death of John Henry his executors are to sell all his estate and divide the proceeds between Jane (or her heirs), Dorcus (or her heirs) and Rhoda (or her heirs). If John Henry should die before Orpah then on Orpah's death, the estate is to be sold and the proceeds to be divided between Jane (and her heirs) and Dorcas (or her heirs) and Rhoda (or her heirs).

In 1901 Orpah, aged 74, was living in Gardner Street, Herstmonceux with a boarder, Edmond Elphick, aged 33, a trug basket maker, born Herstmonceux. Any relationship between Edmond Elphick and Orpah's daughter Rhoda's husband has yet to be established.

At the time she was living next door to her daughter Dorcas, her husband William Jarman and family (see below)

Orpah Barton died in 1905 aged 78 (Reg Gen Dec Qtr 1905 Hailsham 2b 5 38).

Jane Reed nee Barton

James and Orpha's daughter Jane Barton was baptised on 2 January 1848 at Warbleton.

At the time of the 1851 census she was living at home at Bodle Street Green with her parents James and Orpha and sister Dorcus.

It is not clear where she was at the time of the 1861 census. I have traced a Jane Barton, aged 13 (born 1848), a house servant living with and working for Stephen Neve and his family at Rushlake Green, Warbleton. If this is not 'our Jane' then it is more than likely that 'our Jane', 5 years older was similarly occupied.

On 13 May 1865, Jane married John Henry Reed at St John's Church, Bodle Street Green. Jane was 19 years old, the daughter of James Barton. John Henry Reed was 23 years old , the son of Reuben Reed. The witnesses were David Fairall and Harriet Barton. Harriet was probably Jane's cousin (the daughter of Thomas Barton and Elendor Tedham) who later married David Fairall (Appendix F)

John and Jane had eight children:

  • Charles James Reed, born 1866 in Warbleton
  • Ruth Reed, born 1868 in Warbleton
  • Thomas Reed, born 1870 in Warbleton
  • George Reed, born 1872 in Warbleton
  • William Frederick Reed, baptised 6 April 1873 at Bodle Street Green
  • Esther Jane Reed, baptised 26 September 1875 at Bodle Street Green
  • Alice Orpah Reed. Born 26 May 1877. Baptised on 1 July 1877 at Bodle Street Green.
  • John Henry Reed, baptised 12 October 1879 at Bodle Street Green

In 1871 John and Jane were living in Bodle Street Green with their children, James, aged 5, scholar, Ruth, aged 3, scholar, both born Warbleton, and Thomas, aged 1, born Herstmonceux.

At the time of the 1881 census, John and Jane were still living at Bodle Street, Herstmonceux. John was a farm labourer. Charles, aged 15 was an apprentice, Ruth, aged 13, is described as an assistant, Esther and Alice are scholars and John was only 1 year old. Their sons Thomas, aged 11 and (William) Frederick, aged 8 were both farm servants living at Toll Farm, Warbleton with unmarried Nelly Noakes, aged 75, a farmer of 140 acres employing 3 labourers and 2 boys and her unmarried niece, Emily Noakes, a 37 year old housekeeper. Son George Reed, aged 9, was living with his grandparents in Bodle Street Green.

Jane Reed died aged 35 and was buried at St John's Church, Bodle Street Green on 22 August 1883. (Reg Gen Sept Qtr 1883 Hailsham 2b 52)

In 1891 John Reed was still a widower living in Bodle Street Green. He was now 48 and employed as a farm bailiff. Sons George and John and daughter Alice were still living at home.

John remarried on 2 October 1892, aged 49. His new bride was Sarah Jeffrey, aged 53, daughter of John Williams at St John's Church, Bodle Street Green. The witnesses were Esther J Reed, John and Jane's daughter and George H Jeffrey.

John and Sarah remained in Bodle Street Green. By 1901 John is aged 58 and his wife aged 60. John is described as a farmer, possibly indicating a further increase in status. His son John, aged 21 is the only child who remains at home. He is described a cattleman. Sarah is shown as having been born in Falmouth, Cornwall and shown as visiting at the time is 12 year old Merle Jeffrey, born Hailsham.

Living next door at the time was Sarah Reed, a 83 year old widow living on her own means, born Warbleton. This appears to be John's mother.

In 1911 John and Sarah are living at Alehouse Farm, Bodle Street Green. John is still a farmer. Living with them is their 14 year old grandson, George Walter Seague who was working on the farm.

John Henry Reed of East Hoathley died on 5 December 1919. Probate was granted to Charles Keeley, farmer and Frederic William Chilvers, gardener.

Sarah Reed died in 1922 in Uckfield. 

Further detail of their children can be found at Appendix J  


Dorcas Jarman nee Barton

Dorcas Barton was born in 1850 (Reg Gen June Qtr 1850 Hailsham 7 412)

At the time of the 1861 census she was aged 10 living with her parents at Bodle Street Green.

By 1871, 20 year old Dorcas was a general servant to Harriett Trechard, aged 49, a lodging house keeper ,at 14 Pelham Crescent, St Mary in the Castle, Hastings.

Dorcas married William Frederick Jarman in 1872 (Reg Gen June Qtr 1872 Hastings 2b 45). William Frederick Jarman was the son of William Frederick Clark and Naomi Jarmon. He was born out of Wedlock. William Frederick Clark married Elizabeth Sutton in 1839 and they had 2 sons, George Clark and Charles Clark. Elizabeth died in 1863 and on 25 January 1866 William Clark finally married Naomi Jarman at St Nicholas Brighton, when their son would have been nearly 30.

By 1881 William and Dorcas were living at Gardner Street, Herstmonceux where they appeared to remain for the next 20 years at least. 44 year old William was a wheelwright. They had eight children:

  • Naomi Orpah Jarman. Baptised 25 August 1872 at Bodle Street.
  • Ansley Emily Jarman. Baptised 19 October 1873 in Pevensey
  • Mary J Jarman. Born 1879 at Westham
  • William Frederick Charles Jarman. Baptised 12 June 1881 at Herstmonceux
  • Albert James Jarman. Baptised 14 September 1884 at Herstmonceux
  • George Henry Jarman. Baptised 24 April 1887 at Herstmonceux
  • Arthur Jarman. Baptised 26 May 1889 at Herstmonceux.
  • Jane Jarman. Baptised 26 July 1891 at Herstmonceux.

In 1901, William and Dorcas were living at 1 Rose Villas, Herstmonceux next door to Dorcas's widowed mother, 74 year old Orpha Barton. William, Albert, George and Arthur all remain at home. William senior remains a wheelwright and sons William and Albert were employed as carriers and 14 year old George was a journeyman baker. Also living with them was 81 year old widow, Naomi Clark who was Williams mother.

William Jarman died in 1917 aged 78 (Reg Gen June Qtr 1917 Hailsham 2b 132). Dorcas Jarman also died in 1917 aged 67 (Reg Gen June Qtr 1917 Hailsham 2b 151). 

Further details of their children can be found at Appendix K


Rhoda Elphick nee Barton 

Rhoda Barton was born in 1860 (Reg Gen June Qtr 1860 Hailsham 2b 63).

In 1861 and 1871 she was living at home with her parents

On 18 May 1878, aged 18 she married William Elphick at St John's Church Bodel Street Green. William Elphick aged 20 was the son of William Elphick. The witnesses were Jane Reed and John H Barton, Rhoda's sister and brother (Reg Gen June Qtr 1878 Hailsham 2b 160).

William and Rhoda had four children:

  • Ernest Henry Elphick. Baptised 4 August 1878 at Bodle Street
  • Edith Mary Elphick, Baptised 1880 at Bodle Street
  • William Charles Elphick. Baptised 1884 at Bodle Street.
  • Robert Augustus Elphick. Born 1886 in Herstmonceux.

In 1881 William and Rhoda were living at Brick House, Herstmonceux. William, aged 21 was a brewer in brew house. Living next door were:

  • William Elphick, head, aged 45, groom and gardener, born Hooe
  • Caroline Elphick, wife, aged 42, housekeeper, born Herstmonceux
  • Ernest Elphick, son, aged 14, basket maker , born Herstmonceux
  • Lorney C Elphick, daughter, aged 9, scholar, born Herstmonceux
  • Hannah B Elphick, daughter, aged 7, born Herstmonceux
  • Clara M Elphick, daughter, aged 3, born Herstmonceux.

This appears to be William's parents and siblings.

In 1891 the family are living at Gardener Street, Herstmonceux. 31 year old William is a "buss proprietor". Rhoda, aged 30 is a launderess and 12 year old son Ernest is a "buss conductor" while the younger children remain at school.

They are still at Gardener Street in 1901. William is now a general labourer. Son Ernest is a butchery shopman. No occuptaion is given for the other children.

By 1911 William and Rhoda are living at St Dunstans, Heathfield and 51 year old William is a farmer. How did that happen? Only 27 year old William remains at home and he is working on the farm with his father.

William Elphick died in 1927. Rhoda Elphick died in 1945 

Further details of their children can be found at Appendix L 

Our line continues through James and Orpah's son, John Henry Barton. Click here to go to "Chapter 4 - John Henry Barton and Caroline Wood". 

To find out more about the Crowhursts click here to go to "Appendix I - Crowhurst"

Click here to go back to "Chapter 2 - John Barton and Catherine Keeley"